Lists and Curiosities

These are the most valuable companies in the world

It may surprise you that the first place does not belong to an American company, but to a company from the Middle East.


Do you know which are the most valuable companies in the world? Can you guess the value of each one of them? Stick around and find out that individually they are worth more than the GDP of many countries.

There are different ways of measuring the value of a company. The most commonly used is market capitalization. Have you heard of this term? Let’s summarize it here so that everyone can understand.

Market Capitalization, also known as “market cap”, for short, in the stock market terminology, is one of the most popular metrics used to check the performances of the world’s largest companies.

Is the total dollar market value of a company’s outstanding shares of stock.

The investment community uses this figure to determine a company’s size instead of sales or total asset figures. In an acquisition, the market cap is used to determine whether a takeover candidate represents a good value or not to the acquirer.

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So let’s get to know the 5 biggest companies in the world whose market value exceeds $1 trillion.

You will see, not surprisingly, that most of them are American companies, the country with the highest GDP in the world.

But it may surprise you that the first place does not belong to an American company, but to a company from the Middle East.

1. Saudi Aramco

With an estimated market value of $2,332 Trillion, it is a Saudi Arabian oil and gas company. Saudi Aramco is a state-owned company – the government of Saudi Arabia owns 98.5% of its shares.

Saudi Aramco’s operation is global, and it is the world’s second-largest crude oil producing company with 270-billion-barrel reserves.

Its headquarters employs more than 70,000 workers and has been estimated to be worth more than $2 trillion by the Financial Times.

It is also the largest company in the hydrocarbon business, a class of compounds formed only by carbon and hydrogen, with oil being one of the main sources. A resource of varied use in our day-to-day: cooking gas, natural gas for vehicles, acetone, formaldehyde, and ethyl alcohol, among others.

2. Apple Inc.

Apple was number 1 on the list for many years. In May of this year, the company was valued at $2,223 Trillion. Apple is the most desirable technology and electronics company in the world.

Apple was the first company to reach $2 trillion in market cap. Its headquarters are located in Silicon Valley, California.

This company has over 154,000 employees and 519 company-owned stores around the world. It was founded by Steve Jobs, Steve Wozniak, and Ronald Wayne in 1976.

This American company sells consumer electronics such as smartphones, tablets, and computers.

Not only that, but Apple also has a platform for music, film, and portals that generate internet sales and develops application software and operating systems.

3. Microsoft

In third place in 2022, Microsoft already held the top position years ago. Operating in the information technology industry, it mainly sells computer software, but also electronics, computers, and cloud services. Its market value was estimated in 2022 at $1.893 Trillion.

Foi fundada em 1975 por Bill Gates e foi a pioneira no desenvolvimento de software para computadores pessoais: o mundialmente conhecido Microsoft Windows. They also distribute, manufacture, and produce laptops.

Microsoft’s best-known products are Microsoft Office – widely used for commercial purposes; Bing – an internet search engine; Xbox – a video game console; social networks LinkedIn and Skype; among others.

4. Alphabet  

From the name, most people can’t imagine which company we are talking about. The recently formed Alphabet Inc. is a holding company that was created in 2015 to manage all Google-related services.

It is responsible for areas involving technology, science, healthcare, investments, and research, and its market value was estimated at $1.455 Trillion.

This is an internet and software services company. Its main products are the Google search engine, the Android operating system, the Google Chrome browser, the Picasa photo program, the Google Talk instant messaging feature, and others.

It was founded in 1996 by Larry Page and Sergey Brin, when both were doctoral students at Stanford University, California.

5. Amazon

The estimated market value for Amazon is $1.091 Trillion. This company is best known for being an online retail company.

Amazon today has a wide variety of products, one of the most famous being the Amazon Kindle, a device for reading e-books and digital media in general.

Other famous digital products from Amazon are Prime Video, Amazon Music, Twitch and Audible, and Amazon Publishing. As for physical products, besides the Kindle, Amazon produces tablets, TV Boxes, and speakers, among others.

Amazon was founded by Jeff Bezos in 1994, and its headquarters today are in Seattle, Washington. It was the second company in the world to reach the $1 trillion market value mark, and in the year 2019, it was ranked as the most valuable company in the world.

About the author  /  Marcelo Lopes


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