Lists and Curiosities

Elizabeth II: the long life of the British monarch

One of the most iconic monarchs passed away, but her story is one of a kind. In this article, let's learn more about Her Majesty, Elizabeth II.

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Last week, the world’s eyes were staring at England, where Elizabeth II has died. With a long-lasted life, some people were born and died and she was still the queen.

So, today we are going to take a look into Elizabeth II’s life and understand more about her reign.

 Of course, with such vast time, some things will need to be absent, but we try to focus on her reign as a whole.

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A little summary

From 6 February 1952 until her passing in 2022, Elizabeth II, sometimes known as Elizabeth Alexandra Mary, reigned over the United Kingdom and other Commonwealth states.

At the time of her death, there were 15 sovereign states, compared to 32 when she was alive.

Her reign lasted for 70 years and 214 days, making it the longest in British history, the longest for a woman to serve as head of state, and the second-longest reign of any monarch in history that has been officially confirmed.

Early life

Elizabeth was the older daughter of Prince Albert, duke of York, and Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.

Elizabeth had little prospect of inheriting the throne because she was the younger son of King George V. This situation changed on December 11, 1936, when her uncle Edward VIII, who would later become the duke of Windsor, abdicated, making her father King George VI and her the assumed heir.

Her mother, who had her daughters in the custody of a governess named Marion Crawford, was in charge of the princess’s education.

The princess was also given a background in history by C.H.K. Marten, who would later go on to become the provost of Eton College, and she was taught music and various languages by visiting professors.

During World War II, she and her sister, Princess Margaret Rose, were taken away from their parents and sent to live in Balmoral Castle in Scotland, the Royal Lodge in Windsor, and Windsor Castle for most of the period.

Ascension to the throne

In 1951, as George VI’s condition worsened, Elizabeth frequently stood in for him at official events.

Martin Charteris, her personal secretary, brought a draft accession declaration with her when she visited Canada in October 1951 and met with President Harry S. Truman in Washington, D.C.

Early in the spring of 1952, Elizabeth and Philip departed from the British colony of Kenya for Australia and New Zealand.

On February 6, 1952, they had just returned to Sagana Lodge in Kenya after spent the night at Treetops Hotel when they learned of George VI’s demise and Elizabeth’s consequent accession to the throne with immediate effect.

The new queen received the news from Philip. Since she was the first Elizabeth to rule Scotland, many Scots were angered by her use of the name Elizabeth II as her regnal name.

She was crowned queen over all of her realms, and the royal party hurried back to the UK. Philip and Elizabeth settled into Buckingham Palace.

Evolution of the commonwealth

The British Empire changed into the Commonwealth of Nations after Elizabeth’s birth.

Her position as the leader of numerous independent states was well-established by the time, she assumed office in 1952.

Elizabeth and her husband traveled more than 40,000 miles (64,000 km) by land, sea, and air during their seven-month round-the-world trip in 1953, stopping in 13 different countries.

She visited Australia and New Zealand for the first time as their reigning monarch.

The longevity of the Queen and its last years

Prince Philip officially retired from public life in August 2017, yet he occasionally still showed up at official engagements.

During this time, Elizabeth began delegating some of her official activities to Prince Charles and other senior royals.

During this time, the popularity of The Crown, a Netflix television series about the Windsors that began in 2016, led to a rise in public interest in the queen and the royal family.

Elizabeth’s husband of more than seven decades, Philip, died in April 2021 following a number of medical setbacks in the previous years.

The “Platinum Jubilee” in June 2022 marked Elizabeth’s 70 years as monarch in Britain.

Elizabeth passed away on September 8 at the age of 96, shocking the entire globe. She was followed by Prince Charles, who became King Charles III.

Then came the ten days of national remembrance of her life and contributions that had been long planned as “Operation London Bridge.”

 Notably, the queen lay in state for one day in Edinburgh’s St. Giles’ Cathedral and then for three days in London’s Westminster Hall, when a long queue of mourners formed outside the building, some of whom waited more than 24 hours to see the queen’s coffin.

Conclusion

Even with some controversies, Elizabeth II life was certainly very interesting to live and to watch.

Such a longeval life was very nice to look at it, and now let’s hope that his son can be such an icon as his mother.

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